S1 – Space astronomy missions to detect ingredients for life and exoplanets in the universe: status of current and future approved missions and new proposals
This session will present results from space missions and ground observatories to study water, ices, organics in the galaxy, interstellar medium, around stars and on exoplanets. We shall review the status of exoplanets research, in particular in the new context of habitability. We shall discuss the potential of upcoming space mission, and proposed observatories for the future.
MSO: Pietro Ubertini (IASF – INAF, Italy), Francesca Altieri (IASF – INAF, Italy), Bernard Foing (ESA-ESTEC, The Netherlands), Eduardo Janot Pacheco (USP, Brazil), – Gary J. Melnick (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, USA), Pablo J. D. Mauas (Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina)
S2 – Water and life in the universe and on Earth: impact on human consciousness and societies
An interdisciplinary (and even trans-disciplinary) session connecting hard and social sciences, and even the society, in the tradition of the education and outreach session at the COSPAR. The idea is to have lectures/contributions from scientists involved in astrophysics, geophysics, and environmental sciences, but also in geography, economy, sociology, history, health sciences, etc. and may be an artist view to get a picture of the impact of water both on Earth and in the cosmos on life, on the society(ies), and on the human.
MSO: Michel Boër (CNRS, France), Jérôme Benveniste (ESA-ESRIN, Italy), Paola Antolini (IPA)
S3 – Satellite and probe missions for water remote sensing on Earth, planets, and other celestial bodies
The main goal of the session are: 1- to show achievements of especially dedicated satellite water missions such as: ESA`s water mission SMOS (Soil Moisture and Ocean Salinity); NASA`s SMAP (Soil Moisture Active and Passive Mission); pioneering missions based on GNSS-R signals also transmitting information on soil moisture (ESA`s PARIS (Passive Reflectometry and Interferometry System) In orbit-demonstrator, may be GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment). 2- to show how the GPM and TRMM missions (NASA-JAXA) are helping to advance our understanding of Earth`s water and energy cycle, improving forecasting of extremes events that causes natural hazard and disaster, and extend current capabilities in using accurate and timely information to directly benefit society.
MSO: Ernesto Lopez-Baeza (Univ. Valencia, Spain), Luiz Augusto Toledo Machado (INPE, Brazil), Antonio Geraldo Ferreira (UFC, Brazil), Daniel Vila (INPE, Brazil), Gail Skofronick- Jackson (NASA, USA), Bernard Foing (ESA-ESTEC, The Netherlands), Jérôme Benveniste (ESA-ESRIN, Italy)
S4 – Water and life in the Solar System
Solar system research has revealed evidences of present water both inside and outside the snow line, from Mercury, Moon, Mars to Europa, Ganymede, Enceladus and beyond. The “habitable zone” concept has been expanding from surface habitats on the terrestrial planets in close heliocentric orbits to deep habitats, like thermal vent eco-system on the Earth, underneath the satellites affected by strong tidal forces of giant planets. Organics and volatiles are also discovered by meteoritic analysis, space missions and astronomical observations of asteroids, comets, and icy bodies. Cosmic dust plays a major role as delivery vehicle of water and organics to the Earth. Extra terrestrial water resource is also expected as a future exploitation target to support future deep space human exploration.
MSO: Priscilla Cerroni (IASF – INAF, Italy), Maria Teresa Capria (IASF – INAF, Italy), Bernard Foing (ESA-ESTEC, The Netherlands), Kensei Kobayashi (Yokohama Nat. Univ., Japan), Hajime Yano (ISAS, Japan), Othon Winter (UNESP, Brazil), André Izidoro (CAPES, Brazil)
S5 – Water from chemical, biological, and physical perspectives
Water use and reuse for life support, sources (combustion/propulsion reaction by-product; celestial bodies; organic decomposition; …). There have been very important theoretical & experimental developments in the mystery of water such as: (i) Constructions & prototypes of water batteries (ii) Low frequency phenomena in water & their impact on the bio-system (iii) Ferro-electric ordered domains in water leading to a superphase of water (iv) Low frequency magnetic phenomena in water (v) Electromagnetic signals from DNA in water (vi) Coherence & non-transient effects in water.
MSO: Yogendra Srivastava (Univ. Perugia, Italy), Jérôme Benveniste (ESA-ESRIN, Italy)
S6 – Role of water from the ground to the upper atmosphere
Water in the Earth`s middle atmosphere is very small, in amount, but play important roles. It is recently known that latent heat released by cumulous convection in the troposphere play important role in generating atmospheric waves, such as groviy wave and tides, which go up to the mesosphere and even thermosphere and ionosphere up to a few hundred km above ground, transporting momentum and energy, and driving the atmosphere circulation and variations of ionosphere. Water vapor is also one of greenhouse gases and the trend in the middle atmosphere is of interest. At mesopause, water becomes ice in summer polar region and forms noctiluscent clouds or PMC. The increasing trend of such clouds is a hot issue related to the global warming. Molecules related to water, such as OH, are also used for remote sensing of the mesosphere lower thermosphere region. This session treats various aspects of phenomena above ground up to the upper atmosphere related to water.
MSO: Takuji Nakamura (NiPR, Japan), Paulo Batista (INPE, Brazil)
S7 – Astrobiology: habitability, synthesis of organics in ice, and prebiotic chemistry in liquid water
The session will cover three topics: i) Habitability: defining the motion of habitability related to the nature of the stars, then, expanding to habitability on Mars, icy satellites and possible exoplanets; ii) Synthesis of Organics in Ice: reports on laboratory work to synthesize organic molecules related to astrobiology in Ices (water + CO + NH3 + …); iii) Prebiotic Chemistry in Liquid Water: could early prebiotic chemistry develop on surfaces of Mars or in Icy satellite of giant planets?
MSO: Michel Viso (CNES, France)
S8 – Water, organics and life support for human exploration in low Earth orbit, the Moon and beyond
The session will discuss the use and recycling of water and organics for human missions and their reuse for life support on the ISS and beyond. The possibility of using water and organics resources on lunar sites (including poles), asteroids and Mars will be discussed for life support, propulsion fuel, in-situ manufacturing and other by-products enabling human exploration. The session will include talks and posters on terrestrial simulation analogue campaigns, and precursor robotic space experiments to survey these materials, to demonstrate their use for supporting biological and technical investigations, and provide lessons for future life support systems in human bases on the Moon and beyond.
MSO: Bernard Foing (ESA-ESTEC, The Netherlands), Mauricio Dziedzic (Fac. Positivo, Brazil)